Blood pressure:

Pressure exerted on the wall of arteries by the flowing blood is called blood pressure.

Blood pressure is expressed as high or maximum blood pressure scientifically termed as systolic over low or minimum blood pressure diastolic. Normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg.

Low blood pressure:

When systolic pressure is 90mmHg and diastolic pressure is 60mmHg, one is suffering from low blood pressure or hypotension. One feels dizzy, unclear thinking, loss of sensation and nausea. Low blood pressure can be a threat to one’s life.

Causes:

  • Mal-nourishment
  • General weakness
  • Dehydration

First aid for low blood pressure:

    • Make the causality to drink salted water
    • Give him diet consisting of protein like fish, chicken etc
    • Avoid any kind of beverages containing alcohol
    • Start CPR if breathing rate is non-satisfactory
    • Call for emergency help if person looses consciousness

High blood pressure:

When systolic pressure is above 120mmHg and diastolic pressure is above 80mmHg, one is suffering from high blood pressure or hypertension. Usually there are no signs of hypertension but causes headache, extreme anxiety, loss of sensation or lightheadedness. Sometimes it doesn’t show any symptoms and cause damage to heart and blood vessels gradually. High blood pressure can lead to heart attack or renal kidney failure if not controlled.

Causes:

Usage of large quantity of salt in daily diet

  • Tension
  • Lack of physical exercise
  • High cholesterol level
  • Extreme anxiety

First aid for high blood pressure:First aid training for high and low blood pressure

  • Make the person to sit or lie down quietly
  • Give him water
  • Stay with the causality until medical help is sought
  • Encourage the causality and don’t get panic
  • Walking or any other physical activity should be restricted
  • Turn the causality sideways for preventing him from aspiration in case of vomiting and seizures
  • In case of stroke, avoid giving causality anything to drink or eat specially beverages
  • Check out the breathing, if not satisfactory immediately start CPR