Areas where temperature is very cold, people are at the risk of facing frostbite. They have to save themselves from severe low temperature but sometimes accidentally one has to face severely low temperature which can result in hypothermia or frostbite.
What is frostbite?
Whenever someone faces very low temperature for long duration, freezing of bodily tissues can take place causing frostbite. Usually parts of body which are most exposed such as chin, nose, and ears, fingers of hands and feet and cheeks.
Is hypothermia same as frostbite?
No actually hypothermia is a condition in which causality suffers from severe shivering, loss of sensation or lethargy due to low level of heat production as compared to heat loss whereas in frostbite a specific area of body is affected from severe cold.
Signs and symptoms:
Some of the common symptoms of frostbite are:
- Paleness of skin
- Redness of skin
- Feeling of numbness
- Skin becomes very cold
- One may experience pain
- One may experience burning
First aid tips:
- Immediately call for emergency medical help
- Bring the causality out of cold. If possible bring the causality indoor
- Protect the causality from further exposure to cold
- If clothes are wet, remove them and replace them with dry and warm ones
- Put frostbitten hands and fingers in your hands or armpits
- Cover nose and ears to warm them up
- Avoid rubbing frostbitten area
- Place frostbitten area in gently warm water for few minutes
- Don’t warm the frostbitten area rapidly and directly
- Be careful that the frostbitten area may not refreeze again
- Don’t make causality to move on frostbitten feet and toes as it can damage tissues
- Itchiness and burning of skin on warming the body is the sign of normal blood flow but if there are blisters on skin or causality feels pain and numbness, seek proper medical help