Meniscus Tears: A Cartilage Bone Knee Injury, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and prevention

When you talk about knee injuries meniscus tears in one of the most common. Meniscus is a cartilage that provides cushion between your Femur bone and Tibia. Most of the athletes especially who play contact sports always are at high risk. It can be happened at any age of the life. Meniscus is a piece of cartilage and it can be torn out during any activities in which you put pressure on your knees.

Causes of Meniscus Tears:

Most of the times it happens during sports like sudden turns, deep squat, or any heavy lifting. Older people always prone to these tears because their cartilage gets weakened. It can be just a twist of leg while sitting on the chair and can cause tears.

There are following sports that can cause meniscus tears:

  • football
  • Cricket
  • Weightlifting
  • tennis
  • basketball
  • soccer

Symptoms of Meniscus Tears:

These first thing you feel you may hear a β€œpop” sound in your knee joints. People don’t feel so much pain in start and still can play and walk at least for 2 to 3 days and then you see your knee stiffed and swollen.

There are following common symptoms you can feel:

  • Pain on the affected area
  • Swelling and stiffness
  • Locking of knees
  • No sensation on the knee
  • Difficulty in moving full range of your knee


The physical examination that most of the time orthopedic or experts use are following:

  • Knee X-ray
  • MRI
  • Ultrasound
  • Arthroscopy

 Prevention for Meniscus Tears:

 If you want to prevent meniscus must perform regular exercise and your leg muscles will be strong and that will help your joints to be stabilized and protection from injury.

You can use following measures to keep your knee joints tear free:

  • Must warm up before going to exercise
  • As an athlete use proper gears for that specific activity
  • Always tie your footwear laces properly
  • Use proper technique for the activity you are going to perform


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