Obsessions are unwanted thoughts that intrude in the person’s consciousness. These obsessions can be in the form of thoughts, images, impulses and urges and take most of the time of an individual that he may not be able to carry out his daily life functioning that is either his job, relationships or studies. A living human brain is always thinking, have millions of images, urges and impulses but these thoughts become a problem when the sufferer give it some meaning. These obsessions are egodystonic which means these thoughts are unlike of the person.
if a person who is very religious and have good moral values have thoughts of having sex in public. It’s uncharacteristic of his self, his moral and religious values.
Basically these thoughts are not very uncommon. Anyone can have these thoughts but problems starts here with the primary appraisal of thoughts. Like how can I have these thoughts as I am an opposite person and I shouldn’t think like that. After that, next step comes when these thoughts become uncontrollable.
Sufferer tries hard to suppress these thoughts and as he suppress them, they becomes like a balloon. As much as you suppress a balloon, it gets suppressed but as more as you try to suppress it, air pressure increases and it bursts. This uncontrollably becomes distressing for the sufferer and he tries to neutralize these thoughts in order to reduce their anxiety by undoing the task but anxiety reduces for a little time and rebound back.
Obsessions have different components and some common ones are symmetry, contamination, perfectionism, checking and blasphemous.
Obsessive thoughts, urges or images are neutralized through compulsions are repetitive and stereotypical actions. Sufferer spends maximum of their time in neutralizing the anxiety caused due to obsessions. Sufferer checks locks, doors, important documents, cell phone, keys, stove even if it’s clear and checked that doors are closed, stove is not on, cell phone and keys are in pocket.
People with Obsessive compulsive disorder have inflated responsibility of their behaviors or things going to happen with other or they overly estimate threat. They also think that what they think is equivalent to action or event. Having sexual thought is as bad as doing it.
Obsessions or compulsions
Obsessions and compulsions can exist independently and as a result of obsessions, avoidance can also be done. In the same way, compulsions exist without obsessions.